The Van Castle (or fortress, also called the Van Kalesi), rises in ruins atop a hill. Built in the 9th Century B.C. by King Sarduri I of the Urartu Kingdom, the fortress was essential for regional control. Of great historical significance, the fortress includes a massive inscription by Xerxes the Great in three languages: Old Persian, Babylonian, and Elamite.
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Architectural Architecture Building Buildings Castle Castles Citadel Citadels Color Image Colour Image Destination Destinations Eastern anatolia Evening Fort Fortress Fortresses Forts Horizontal Kalesi King sarduri I Middle East Mideast Minaret Minarets Monument Monuments Moon Mosque Mosques Place of Interest Place of Worship Places of Interest Places of Worship Religion Religious Ruin Ruined Ruins Sarduri I Sundown Sunset Tourism Tourist Attraction Tourist Attractions Tourist Destination Tourist Destinations Travel Travel Destination Travel Destinations Turkey Urartian Urartian architecture Urartu Van Van castle Van fortress Van kalesi Wan Xerxes Xerxes the great
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